Pros and Cons of Access Control Systems
While numerous options exist for locking mechanisms, one of the more common but also simplest options for physical access is an access control system. The way this system works is that once a door is closed, access is limited to who can go to the other side. For example, an off-limits IT department could be secured with this type of system.
Benefits of Access Control Systems
There are many advantages to using an access control system:
- Accessibility – Access can be controlled using several options, including biometrics, an FID key fob, or swipe keycard. Because of this, traditional keys are no longer needed. In addition to keeping things better organized, the risk of a security breach is reduced.
- Optimal Control – With access control systems, a master system controls doors. The master control monitors access to these doors and modifies it when needed. If someone had access to a certain area of the company but that area is now off-limits, it would only take a few minutes to modify the individual’s access.
- Monitoring – Seeing who is coming and going from different areas is possible with an access control system. Information as to the time the access card was used is also provided. This enhanced security system gives the company more control over where employees are going, especially if they are not authorized to enter certain parts of the business.
- Surveillance – Sometimes, access control systems are linked with a surveillance system. Not only is an employee’s card registered when going in and out of authorized areas, but video captures every occurrence as well. When a breach is suspected, this is beneficial. For instance, if an employee’s card were lost or stolen and then used to enter an authorized area, an official with the company can pull up surveillance and identify who had actually used the card.
- Integration – Access control systems seamlessly integrate with other security products, thereby creating a centralized management solution.
- Individuality – Every employee’s access card is customized with an access control system. As a result, restrictions on certain doors can be placed. Building layers of restrictions based on schedules and other factors is also a key benefit to this system.
- Manageability – Information is stored on a centrally managed database, making it easy to access remotely from any computer on the network. Only a few select people have this authorization.
Disadvantages of Access Control Systems
In reality, there are only a few cons pertaining to access control systems:
- Cost – Cost of installation for an access control system involves an upfront financial investment. Eventually, the money spent is recouped, but this is one of the more expensive security systems available.
- Passcodes, Pins, and Passwords – To gain access to this type of system, an individual must have very specific information. While this is good news, it can also create a challenge. For maintaining the highest level of security, these pieces of information have to be updated on occasion. Otherwise, there is an increased risk of being hacked.